What Is The Difference Between Type I And Type II Diabetes

Did you know that around 34.2 million Americans suffer from Diabetes? That means that just over 1 in 10 people have diabetes in America. A further 88 million American adults suffer from prediabetes.

There are three main types of diabetes, Type I, Type II, and Gestational Diabetes. All three of these can be maintained and managed with the correct diet and lifestyle changes. 

Below we will discuss the difference between Type I and Type II Diabetes. We will also answer the question, can you reserve a specific type of Diabetes and go into remission?  

What is Type I Diabetes?

The definition of Type I Diabetes is a chronic disease.  The cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed, and the body is unable to produce insulin. Your liver and muscle tissue store extra glucose (blood sugar) when your cells have enough in healthy people. The Glycogen is then broken down into blood sugar and released into the system when you need energy between meals or when you sleep. 

Diabetes Type I is characterized by the body’s inability to process glucose because insulin is absent. Cells cannot absorb glucose from your food. As a result, you have too much glucose in your blood. Both short-term and long-term complications can arise from high blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of Type I Diabetes:

  • Excessive hunger
  • Excessive thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Dramatic weight loss in a short period of time 

What causes Type I Diabetes?

The immune system defends the body against foreign invaders such as harmful viruses and bacteria.

The immune system misidentifies the body’s healthy cells as foreign invaders in people with Type I Diabetes. Insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are attacked and destroyed by the immune system. As a result, the body cannot produce insulin after the beta cells have been destroyed.

The immune system attacks the body’s cells sometimes without knowing why. It may be related to genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses. There is ongoing research into autoimmune diseases.

What is Type II Diabetes?

Between 90-95% of Americans who have diabetes have type II diabetes.

Type II Diabetes is caused when your body does not usually respond to a hormone known as Insulin. This is also known as insulin resistance. Your pancreas will try and make more insulin to help your body respond. Your pancreas is responsible for getting blood sugar into the cells in your body, which are then used as energy throughout the day. 

Eventually, over time, your pancreas cannot keep up and your blood sugar levels increase. You are then diagnosed with prediabetes. If your levels are terrible, then you have full-blown type two diabetes. 

Having high blood sugar damages the body and can lead to serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. 

People over the age of 45 are more likely to develop Type II. The sedentary lifestyle and increase in body weight among younger people are leading to more younger people being diagnosed with type II. 

What are the symptoms of Type II Diabetes?

The symptoms of type II diabetes are the same as type I. Someone who has type II might also notice a dark patch in the folds of your skin around your armpits and neck. 

What causes Type II Diabetes?

Insulin resistance is a feature of Type II Diabetes. In diabetes, insulin is still produced, but the body does not properly use it.

Many factors contribute to insulin resistance, but researchers aren’t sure why some people develop the condition while others don’t, including being physically inactive and carrying excess weight.

Additionally, environmental and genetic factors might be involved. As a result of type II diabetes, your pancreas increases insulin production to compensate. If your body is unable to use insulin effectively, glucose will accumulate in your bloodstream.

Can Type II Diabetes be reversed? 

According to Singlecare, prediabetes and Type II Diabetes can be put into remission. This can be done with glucose control. Eat healthily, take medication as well as losing weight can help you reserve your diabetes over time. 

They say that changing your diet and lifestyle can help your body respond more effectively to insulin. 

A study funded by the National Institutes of Health called The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) started in 1996 found that people at a high risk of diabetes reduced their risk of developing the disease by losing Five%-Seven% of their starting weight. 

It’s not clear when people with Type II diabetes can begin to see the results of their hard work. Generally, diabetes experts say that patients can start noticing a difference about three to six months after starting medication and changing their lifestyles. After blood sugar has stabilized (whether with or without medication), lifestyle changes may take a month or two to take effect. 

Stephanie Redmond, the co-founder of Diabetesdoctor.com, has said, “The longer you’ve had diabetes and the higher your sugars have been for a sustained time, the harder this might be. Your pancreas just can’t produce the insulin it needs. There’s no point in stressing or beating yourself up. Work with your healthcare provider on the best medication plan for you.” 

Final Thoughts 

Diabetes Type I is an autoimmune condition affecting the pancreatic cells responsible for producing insulin and can be inherited or caused by environmental factors. In Type II Diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin due to genetics and lifestyle choices.

Diabetes type I manifests quickly and has apparent symptoms. Type II diabetes can develop over a long period of time for people with the condition. An individual with type II diabetes may not realize they have it until they develop complications.

Type I diabetes cannot be cured. Disease management is necessary for life. However, in order to prevent more severe complications, you will need to monitor and adhere to treatment regularly.

Type II diabetes is often successfully managed if you work closely with your doctor and make good lifestyle choices. 

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